K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Tobacco workers strike
In North Carolina in the New South, page 3.12
Magazine article describing an unsuccessful strike by tobacco mill workers in Durham, North Carolina, 1881.
Format: magazine/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
North Carolina in the early 20th century
Primary sources and readings explore North Carolina in the first decades of the twentieth century (1900–1929). Topics include changes in technology and transportation, Progressive Era reforms, World War I, women's suffrage, Jim Crow and African American life, the cultural changes of the 1920s, labor and labor unrest, and the Gastonia stirke of 1929.
Format: book (multiple pages)
The Haymarket Riot
The Haymarket Riot
Format: image/illustration
Strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, with children posed on sidewalk
Strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, with children posed on sidewalk
Format: image/photograph
The Pullman Strike
The Pullman Strike
Pullman strikers outside Arcade Building in Pullman, Chicago. This Illinois National Guard can be seen guarding the building during the Pullman Railroad Strike in 1894.
Format: image/photograph
The Homestead Strike
The Homestead Strike
The Carnegie Steel Works, showing the shield used by the strikers when firing the cannon and watching the Pinkerton men during the Homestead strike.
Format: image/illustration
Protest at Piedmont Leaf Tobacco Company, 1946
Protest at Piedmont Leaf Tobacco Company, 1946
Strikers from United Tobacco Workers Local 22 union on the picket line.
Format: image/photograph
American Tobacco Campus
American Tobacco Campus
Two Lucky Strikes structures stand over the American Tobacco Campus in Durham, North Carolina. The campus was historically the site of tobacco company operations in Durham, but was reinvented as a complex of offices, shops, and restaurants in 2004.
Format: image/photograph
Work and protest, 1920–1934
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 7.3
In response to declining demand in the 1920s, textile mill owners cut wages and demanded longer hours from their workers. Labor unrest increased, and there were widespread strikes from 1929 to 1934.
Format: article
By James Leloudis and Kathryn Walbert.
An industry representative visits Loray Mills
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.3
Article from the Charlotte Observer during the Loray Mill strike in Gastonia, 1929. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Protest at Piedmont Leaf Tobacco Company, 1946
Protest at Piedmont Leaf Tobacco Company, 1946
Protest at Piedmont Leaf Tobacco Company, 1946. Police chief, John Gold, is at right. Striking worker Margaret DeGraffenreid is being forced into police car.
Format: image/photograph
Mountain balds
In Elevations and forest types along the Blue Ridge Parkway, page 8
Many high-elevation areas of the Blue Ridge have no trees. As a result these areas are called balds. The origin and persistence of mountain balds is poorly understood. Some scientists claim that they form in areas particularly susceptible to fires...
By Dirk Frankenberg.
Festival in Guanajuato, Mexico
Festival in Guanajuato, Mexico
A child with a blindfold strikes a piñata during a festival. A crowd stands on stairs watching the action. Guanajuato is a large city in the central highlands of Mexico. It was an important colonial city because of the area’s large silver deposits. Silver...
Format: image/photograph
The Penn House
"Charles Penn was an important figure in Reidsville's tobacco industry and was largely responsible for developing the popular Lucky Strikes brand of cigarettes for American Tobacco." He and his wife owned this home in Reidsville which is now open for tours.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Interview with Willis Cozart
In Antebellum North Carolina, page 3.5
Federal Writers' Project interview with former slave Willis Cozart. Includes historical commentary. Note: This source contains explicit language or content that requires mature discussion.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Pashupatinath tour: Marriage ritual
In this recording, you can hear Ajit describing the important symbolism of flowers in a marriage. The same flowers that symbolize marriage are also put on the body during cremation, which strikes me as interesting. While we are discussing this, we are watching...
Format: audio
Nevada Falls seen from above in Yosemite National Park, CA
Nevada Falls seen from above in Yosemite National Park, CA
The cascading water of Nevada Falls seen from above in Yosemite National Park, California. Nevada Falls tumbles 594 feet down a rock face polished smooth by the violence of the water. It free-falls for almost half of that distance, and when the water strikes...
Format: image
The cascading water of Nevada Falls, Yosemite National Park, CA
The cascading water of Nevada Falls, Yosemite National Park, CA
The cascading water of Nevada Falls in Yosemite National Park, California. Nevada Falls tumbles 594 feet down a rock face polished smooth by the violence of the water. It free-falls for almost half of that distance, and when the water strikes stone below,...
Format: image/photograph
The strikers move into tents
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.5
Article from the Gastonia Daily Gazette printed during the Loray Mill strike, 1929. Striking workers were thrown out of their houses, which were owned by the mill. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
The Mill Mother's Lament
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.8
Song by labor activist Ella Mae Wiggins sung during the Loray Mill strike in Gastonia, 1929. Includes biographical information about Wiggins.
Format: music/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.