K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

ATTENTION USERS

LEARN NC is no longer supported by the UNC School of Education and has been permanently archived. On February 1st, 2018, you will only be able to access these resources through the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine. We recommend that you print or download resources you may need before February 1st, 2018, after which, you will have to follow these instructions in order to access those resources.

Child labor in North Carolina's textile mills
The photographs of Lewis Hine show the lives and work of children in North Carolina's textile mill villages in the first decades of the twentieth century.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
Fieldcrest Cannon Village and Textile Museum
Go back in time and experience Fieldcrest Cannon's fascinating 4500 square foot textile exhibit located in the heart of historic Cannon Village.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Closed textile mill
Closed textile mill
Fieldcrest-Cannon textile mill in Kannapolis, NC. The company went bankrupt in 2003, and its buildings were demolished in 2005 and 2006.
Format: image/photograph
A union organizer blames the mill
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.4
Article printed by the Gastonia Daily Gazette during the Loray Mill strike in 1929, one of the few printed that represented the views of the strikers. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
The Alamance Cotton Mill
In Antebellum North Carolina, page 4.7
In 1837, Edwin Holt founded the Alamance Cotton Mill, which began the industrial development of Alamance County. The mill produced the first colored fabrics in the South, including the popular "Alamance Plaid."
Format: article
The strikers move into tents
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.5
Article from the Gastonia Daily Gazette printed during the Loray Mill strike, 1929. Striking workers were thrown out of their houses, which were owned by the mill. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Mill houses in Kannapolis, NC
Mill houses in Kannapolis, NC
These are mill houses in Kannapolis, North Carolina. Kannapolis was formerly dominated by the textile industry, but many of the mills that surrounded the area have been shut down or demolished.
Format: image/photograph
The Mill Mother's Lament
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.8
Song by labor activist Ella Mae Wiggins sung during the Loray Mill strike in Gastonia, 1929. Includes biographical information about Wiggins.
Format: music/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Children at home in a textile mill community
Children at home in a textile mill community
The girl in the plaid dress, standing in front of her home in this picture, works in the textile mill in Gastonia, North Carolina. She is twelve years old and has been working at the mill for four years. One of her brothers stands next to her in the picture....
Format: image/photograph
Work and protest: Voices
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 7.4
Excerpts from oral history interviews with textile mill workers about labor unrest in the 1920s and 1930s. Includes historical background.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
The Gastonia strike
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.1
A strike at Loray Cotton Mill in Gastonia, North Carolina, in 1929, led to the killing of the police chief and made national news.
Format: article
Ivey Mill Company, Hickory, N.C: Some doffers and Sweepers
Ivey Mill Company, Hickory, N.C:  Some doffers and Sweepers
Seven young boys pose for the photographer in the Ivy Mill Company, a textile mill in Hickory, N.C. Most of the boys, ranging in age and height, are wearing short pants with suspenders and long, dark stockings. The tall boy in the middle of the group has cotton...
Format: image/photograph
Doffers in Trenton Mills, Gastonia, N.C.
Doffers in Trenton Mills, Gastonia, N.C.
Four young boys called doffers can be seen pushing bins full of bobbins of thread through a textile mill in this photograph taken in 1908. Doffers replaced the full bobbins with empty ones in the spinning area of the mill. The sepia photograph shows the spinning...
Format: image/photograph
Mill village and factory: Voices
In North Carolina in the New South, page 3.5
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 5.2
Excerpts of oral history interviews with men and women who lived in mill villages and worked in textile mills in the early twentieth century.
Format: interview/primary source
Alamance Cotton Mill
Alamance Cotton Mill
Alamance Cotton Mill, as it appeared in 1837 shortly after construction. The mill was built by Edwin M. Holt, a pioneer of the Southern textile industry.
Format: image/photograph
An industry representative visits Loray Mills
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.3
Article from the Charlotte Observer during the Loray Mill strike in Gastonia, 1929. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Housing conditions of the workers in Cannon Mills, Concord, North Carolina
Housing conditions of the workers in Cannon Mills, Concord, North Carolina
This photograph of mill town housing in Concord, North Carolina shows the conditions that workers for the Cannon textile mill lived in. The clapboard houses are very small and sit in the shadow of the mill with its smokestacks billowing dark smoke. The yards...
Format: image/photograph
Belmont Historical Society Cultural and Heritage Learning Center
Step back in time and learn about the history of Belmont, North Carolina through photographs, artifacts and other exhibits.
Format: article/field trip opportunity
Loray Cotton Mill
Loray Cotton Mill
Caption reads "Gastonia, N.C. Loray Cotton Mill (57,000 Spindles)."
Format: image/illustration
Demolition of the Fieldcrest Cannon Mills
Demolition of the Fieldcrest Cannon Mills
This is a photo taken during the demolition of the Fieldcrest Cannon Mills in Kannapolis, North Carolina, in 2004. The area is now home to the Fieldcrest Cannon Village and Textile Museum, which tells of the mill town's history and legacy.
Format: image/photograph