K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

ATTENTION USERS

LEARN NC is no longer supported by the UNC School of Education and has been permanently archived. On February 1st, 2018, you will only be able to access these resources through the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine. We recommend that you print or download resources you may need before February 1st, 2018, after which, you will have to follow these instructions in order to access those resources.

Didn't find what you were looking for?

Child labor in North Carolina's textile mills
The photographs of Lewis Hine show the lives and work of children in North Carolina's textile mill villages in the first decades of the twentieth century.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
Work and protest: Voices
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 7.4
Excerpts from oral history interviews with textile mill workers about labor unrest in the 1920s and 1930s. Includes historical background.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Railroads and textile mills in North Carolina, 1896
Railroads and textile mills in North Carolina, 1896
Format: image/map
Child labor in the cotton mills
The resources on this page are designed to help educators teach about what life was like for children working in the cotton mills of North Carolina in the early 20th century. Through these lessons, students will learn about child labor by listening to the oral histories of people who worked in these cotton mills as children.
Format: lesson plan
Demolition of the Fieldcrest Cannon Mills
Demolition of the Fieldcrest Cannon Mills
This is a photo taken during the demolition of the Fieldcrest Cannon Mills in Kannapolis, North Carolina, in 2004. The area is now home to the Fieldcrest Cannon Village and Textile Museum, which tells of the mill town's history and legacy.
Format: image/photograph
Some of the larger spinners in Catawba Cotton Mills, Newton, N.C.
Some of the larger spinners in Catawba Cotton Mills, Newton, N.C.
Format: image/photograph
Making yarn in a cotton mill
Making yarn in a cotton mill
A worker at White Oak Mills in Greensboro, North Carolina, makes yarn.
Format: image/photograph
Mill houses in Kannapolis, NC
Mill houses in Kannapolis, NC
These are mill houses in Kannapolis, North Carolina. Kannapolis was formerly dominated by the textile industry, but many of the mills that surrounded the area have been shut down or demolished.
Format: image/photograph
Doffers in Trenton Mills, Gastonia, N.C.
Doffers in Trenton Mills, Gastonia, N.C.
Four young boys called doffers can be seen pushing bins full of bobbins of thread through a textile mill in this photograph taken in 1908. Doffers replaced the full bobbins with empty ones in the spinning area of the mill. The sepia photograph shows the spinning...
Format: image/photograph
The Alamance Cotton Mill
In Antebellum North Carolina, page 4.7
In 1837, Edwin Holt founded the Alamance Cotton Mill, which began the industrial development of Alamance County. The mill produced the first colored fabrics in the South, including the popular "Alamance Plaid."
Format: article
Housing conditions of the workers in Cannon Mills, Concord, North Carolina
Housing conditions of the workers in Cannon Mills, Concord, North Carolina
This photograph of mill town housing in Concord, North Carolina shows the conditions that workers for the Cannon textile mill lived in. The clapboard houses are very small and sit in the shadow of the mill with its smokestacks billowing dark smoke. The yards...
Format: image/photograph
Two young spinners in Catawba Cotton Mills.
Two young spinners in Catawba Cotton Mills.
In this sepia photograph taken in December of 1908, a young girl with her hair pulled back is seen standing at a spinning machine in a textile mill.There is cotton lint on the wooden floor boards under the machines. Two women can be seen working at the spinning...
Format: image/photograph
The Mill Mother's Lament
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.8
Song by labor activist Ella Mae Wiggins sung during the Loray Mill strike in Gastonia, 1929. Includes biographical information about Wiggins.
Format: music/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
A union organizer blames the mill
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.4
Article printed by the Gastonia Daily Gazette during the Loray Mill strike in 1929, one of the few printed that represented the views of the strikers. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
North Carolina in the early 20th century
Primary sources and readings explore North Carolina in the first decades of the twentieth century (1900–1929). Topics include changes in technology and transportation, Progressive Era reforms, World War I, women's suffrage, Jim Crow and African American life, the cultural changes of the 1920s, labor and labor unrest, and the Gastonia stirke of 1929.
Format: book (multiple pages)
An industry representative visits Loray Mills
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.3
Article from the Charlotte Observer during the Loray Mill strike in Gastonia, 1929. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Industrialization in North Carolina
In North Carolina in the New South, page 2.3
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 2.7
Industrialization needed five things -- capital, labor, raw materials, markets, and transportation -- and in the 1870s, North Carolina had all of them. This article explains the process of industrialization in North Carolina, with maps of factory and railroad growth.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
The textile industry and Winston-Salem
In North Carolina in the New South, page 2.9
Textiles were one of two industries that changed Winston-Salem and Forsyth County in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Format: article
The Gastonia strike
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 8.1
A strike at Loray Cotton Mill in Gastonia, North Carolina, in 1929, led to the killing of the police chief and made national news.
Format: article
Textile mills in North Carolina, 1896
Textile mills in North Carolina, 1896
Map shows locations of North Carolina cotton and woolen mills, 1896. Counties are drawn with present-day boundaries for reference.
Format: image/map