K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education


LEARN NC is no longer supported by the UNC School of Education and has been permanently archived. On February 1st, 2018, you will only be able to access these resources through the Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine. We recommend that you print or download resources you may need before February 1st, 2018, after which, you will have to follow these instructions in order to access those resources.

From the education reference

student teams achievement divisions
Learning model in which teams are arranged after a teacher-led lesson. Team members tutor one another, but take individual quizzes, and the team evaluation is based on individual scores.
service learning
Intentional combination of community service objectives and learning opportunities that benefits both the recipient and provider of the service. Student service learning projects should be structured to link learning tasks to self-reflection so that they enrich learning, strengthen communities, and teach civic responsibility.
discovery learning
Learning that takes place, not through instruction, but through examination, analysis, or experimentation.
blended learning
A student-centered approach to creating a learning experience whereby the learner interacts with other students, with the instructor, and with content through thoughtful integration of online and face-to-face environments.
cooperative learning
Instructional method in which students work together in small, heterogeneous groups to complete a problem, project, or other instructional goal, while teachers act as guides or facilitators. This method works to reinforce a student’s own learning as well as the learning of his or her fellow group members.
collaborative learning
An umbrella term for the variety of approaches and models in education that involve the shared intellectual efforts by students working in small groups to accomplish a goal or complete a task.
learning contract
An agreement between a teacher and a student regarding how that student will achieve specified learning goals or objectives.
learning disability
A discrepancy between expected achievement and observed achievement, also known as "unexpected underachievement."
Dimensions of Learning model
Model of learning developed by Marzano et al (1988) that links content area knowledge, metacognition, and critical and creative thinking with a taxonomy of thinking skills and thinking processes.
project-based learning
Teaching approach that engages students in sustained, collaborative real-world investigations. Projects are organized around a driving question, and students participate in a variety of tasks that seek to meaningfully address this question.
digital game-based learning
Instructional method that incorporates educational content or learning principles into video games with the goal of engaging learners. Applications of digital game-based learning draw upon the constructivist theory of education.
problem-based learning
Model of instruction in which the teacher poses an authentic problem for student resolution. PBL may be one among many strategies in a classroom or an entire curricular and instructional approach. In the course of problem-solving, students work cooperatively in groups to learn content and skills related to real world problems. The teacher acts as a facilitator to learning.

Didn't find what you were looking for?

The clinical interview
In Problem centered math, page 1.1
Before you can help your students develop their own mathematical understanding, it's important to understand how they already think about math. Do they have a strong number sense, or do they rely on memorized procedures,...
By David Walbert.
Problem centered math
Why students must build their own understanding of mathematics if they are to be able to use it in the real world, and how teachers can guide them in doing so.
Format: series (multiple pages)
Learning styles: An introduction
Students will read about and discuss learning styles. They will take a pencil and paper assessment to investigate their own learning styles and practice determining the learning style of others with a story telling activity.
Format: lesson plan (grade 6–8 Guidance)
By Pat Nystrom.
We read every day!
Through observation outside of the classroom, students will gather and bring to class five items that exhibit different sources of information comprised of more complex vocabulary.
Format: lesson plan (grade 6–7 English Language Arts and Information Skills)
Differentiation is the practice of tailoring instruction to diverse learners based on student readiness, interest, and learning styles. This article discusses the four areas in which teachers can differentiate instruction and includes links to resources that support differentiation.
Format: article
By Jennifer Job.
Blended learning
Blended learning is a student-centered approach that integrates learning experiences in online and face-to-face environments. This article defines blended learning, discusses its history, and provides suggestions for creating an effective blended learning experience.
Format: article
By Bobby Hobgood, Ed.D..
Innovate to transform the classroom with Web 2.0 tools
Students will learn to integrate technologies such as Web 2.0 tools and mobile learning devices to create engaging learning experiences for your students
Format: article/online course
Attributes by kids
This activity requires the student to demonstrate an understanding of classification, patterning, and seriation. The students will complete the project based on personal characteristics.
Format: lesson plan (grade K–1 Guidance, Healthful Living, and Social Studies)
By Bunnie R. Brewer.
Fire in Pythagorville: Problem-centered lessons
Students will work on problem-centered lessons which use the application of the Pythagorean theorem to put out a fire in the fictional town of Pythagorville.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Mathematics)
By Kelly Crisp.
More or less
This lesson contains a series of activities on more or less. These activities can be used over several days or combined into a one-day lesson.
Format: lesson plan (grade K Mathematics)
By Sarah Owens.
Fruit Loops with fractions
This activity provides access to using visual and hands-on practice in solving problems with fractions. By using cereal, each individual student will be able to work individually and as a group in using different methods of working with fractions, and practice their skills in addition, multiplication, division and subtraction. A prior knowledge of the basic multiplication tables and common multiples will be very advantageous in working through this activity.
Format: lesson plan (grade 5–6 Mathematics)
By Deanne Davis.
Proto-ZOO-ology: A problem-based protist inquiry unit
The conceptual lens used throughout this unit is the student development of a zoo exhibit for protists. Protists are used easily to examine classification systems, population diversity, life-sustaining processes, stimulus/response in the environment, and many other big concepts that are repeated when studying larger, more complex organisms.
Format: lesson plan (multiple pages)
Winter congruent and symmetrical shapes
Students learn about congruency and symmetry. They complete a symmetrical tree that is complete with congruent ornaments.
Format: lesson plan (grade 2 Mathematics)
By Julie Little.
Popcorn math
In this lesson students will use a consumable manipulative to understand percent, fraction and decimal conversions. They will also collect data on a teacher produced spreadsheet while using a computer generated spreadsheet to make conversions.
Format: lesson plan (grade 6 Mathematics)
Noodles away
This lesson will assist students to see angle relationships and the relationship of parallel lines and transversals. This exercise is good for visual and tactile learners since it is of a concrete nature. Students of all academic levels can enjoy this.
Format: lesson plan (grade 5 and 7–8 Mathematics)
By Melda Bullock.
Formative assessment resources
The practice of formative assessment can help teachers inform instruction and can improve student success. Often, however, conducting effective formative assessment is easier said than done. These resources offer strategies and support for educators to integrate more ongoing assessment into their teaching.
Format: bibliography/help
Introduction to fact families: Addition (commutative property)
Students will "invent" their own examples that demonstrate the commutative property of addition through hands-on activities.
Format: lesson plan (grade K–1 Mathematics)
By William Krupicka.
Make math "bear"-able
The students will use teddy bear counters to explore addition and subtraction facts (1-10). Students will demonstrate an understanding of ordinal numbers by locating the position of their counters on their workmats.
Format: lesson plan (grade K–1 Mathematics)
By Nikki Gilmore.
Does your house measure up?
This lesson is intended to be used as a final assessment of a student's understanding of an inch, foot, and yard. It will also assess their ability to use a yardstick, follow written directions, and work with a partner to draw a house on the school blacktop as part of a class neighborhood.
Format: lesson plan (grade 3 Mathematics)
By Cathy Searcey.
Discovery learning
This reference article explains the theory of discovery learning and discusses its history and its use in the classroom.
Format: article
By Heather Coffey.