K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

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“Discoverie of Guiana”
In Sir Walter Raleigh and South America, page 5
Raleigh's 1596 account of his search of El Dorado became a sensation when it was published in England. The book describes Raleigh's motives of treasure hunting and empire building. Some excerpts with annotations are included below.*...
By William M. Wisser.
1677 treaty between Virgina and Indians
1677 treaty between Virgina and Indians
Format: image/document
1677 treaty between Virgina and Indians: Article XVI
1677 treaty between Virgina and Indians: Article XVI
Article XVI of the 1677 treaty between Virginia and the Indians.
Format: image/document
18th-century Indian trading camp
18th-century Indian trading camp
At a demonstration of eighteenth-century life on North Carolina's western frontier, this replica of an Indian trading camp shows items that were considered valuable commodities. They included powder horns, tobacco, shirts, blankets, rum, mirrors, beaded belts,...
Format: image/photograph
About the Archaeology Primer
In Excavating Occaneechi Town: An archaeology primer, page 1
The Occaneechi Indians were once prominent in the Virginia and Carolina Piedmont. As their numbers were reduced by clashes with European colonists, they retreated to a village on the Eno River. Their numbers further dwindled due to disease and warfare, and by 1730 the Occaneechi were all but gone. In 1983, archaeologists discovered a village site near Hillsborough, North Carolina. Through a series of digs, they confirmed that they had found Occaneechi Town.
Format: article
An Aged Man in His Winter Garment
An Aged Man in His Winter Garment
"An Ageed Manne in His Winter Garment." Theodor de Bry's engraving of an American Indian man, published in Thomas Hariot's 1588 book A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia. In the foreground, the man is standing with his right...
Format: image/illustration
Amadas and Barlowe explore the Outer Banks
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 4.5
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 3.1
On April 27, 1584, Captains Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe left the west coast of England in two ships to explore the North American coast for Sir Walter Raleigh. The party of explorers landed on July 13, 1584, on the North Carolina coast just north of Roanoke Island, and claimed the land in the name of Queen Elizabeth. Captain Barlowe's report describes the land and the people he encountered.
Format: journal/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert.
American Indian stalking deer
American Indian stalking deer
This 1993–1994 painting depicts an American Indian hunting deer with a bow and arrow. The hunter stands on a rock in a stream facing a buck and a doe. He is camouflaged, wearing a deer head and skin over his own head and torso. In the background, the...
Format: image/painting
Among the Tuscarora: The strange and mysterious death of John Lawson, gentleman, explorer, and writer
They've taken his clothes, picked the straight razor out of his pocket: one brave fingers it, touches the blade — bright blood springs from his thumb and he laughs. The pitch pine split by the women is ready, a clay pot full...
Format: article
By Marjorie Hudson.
Ancient pit contents
Ancient pit contents
Ancient refuse at the bottom of a pit.
Format: image/photograph
Ancient pits
Ancient pits
Photograph of students revealing ancient pits by troweling the top of subsoil.
Format: image/photograph
Ancient post holes
Ancient post holes
Photograph of students revealing ancient post holes by troweling the top of subsoil.
Format: image/photograph
Andrew Jackson calls for Indian removal
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 10.3
Excerpt from President Andrew Jackson's first inaugural address, 1829, in which he argued that American Indians should be removed west of the Mississippi. Includes historical commentary.
Format: speech/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by Kathryn Walbert and L. Maren Wood.
Animal petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock near Monticello, Utah
Animal petroglyphs on Newspaper Rock near Monticello, Utah
A detail of Newspaper Rock at Newspaper Rock State Historic Monument near Monticello, Utah. The petroglyphs depict what appear to be deer, lizards, bison, footprints, and a man riding a horse, among other figures. Newspaper Rock is one of the largest and most...
Format: image/photograph
Antebellum North Carolina
Primary sources and readings explore North Carolina in the antebellum period (1830–1860). Topics include slavery, daily life, agriculture, industry, technology, and the arts, as well as the events leading to secession and civil war.
Format: book (multiple pages)
Archaeological sites open to the public
A listing of field trip opportunities focusing on Native Americans as well as colonial times in North Carolina. Organized by county.
Format: article
Arrowheads from the Town Creek Indian Mound
Arrowheads from the Town Creek Indian Mound
These are arrowheads from the Town Creek Indian Mound near Mount Gilead, North Carolina.
Format: image/photograph
Artifacts found by waterscreening
Artifacts found by waterscreening
Small artifacts recovered by waterscreening.
Format: image/photograph
Assiniboine hunting buffalo
Assiniboine hunting buffalo
Paul Kane's circa 1851-1856 painting depicts two Plains Indians on horseback hunting a buffalo. The introduction of horses by Spanish settlers changed the way Plains Indians hunted, allowing them to overtake buffalo by speed.
Format: image/painting
Aztec empire map
Aztec empire map
This map shows the extent of the Aztec empire before its conquest by the Spanish around 1519.
Format: image/map