K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education


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The aftermath of Martin Luther King's assassination
In Postwar North Carolina, page 6.9
Reactions in Durham ranged from violent to peaceful after civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., was murdered in Memphis on April 4, 1968.
Format: article
Brown v. Board of Education and school desegregation
In Postwar North Carolina, page 4.1
The 1955 Supreme Court decision overturned the 1890 decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, ruling that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal" and forcing the integration of schools across the nation.
Format: article
Brown versus Board of Education: Rhetoric and realities
In this lesson, students will listen to three oral histories that shed light on political and personal reactions toward the 1954 Supreme Court ruling Brown versus Board of Education. Includes a teacher's guide as well as the oral history audio excerpts and transcripts.
Format: lesson plan (multiple pages)
The Civil Rights Act of 1964
In Postwar North Carolina, page 5.9
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited acts of private discrimination in public places and gave the federal government far broader authority than it had ever previously taken.
Format: article
The Civil Rights Movement, 1960–1980
In Postwar North Carolina, page 5.1
An overview of the Civil Rights Movement from the Greensboro Sit-ins in 1960 through the 1963 March on Washington, the Civil Rights and Voting Rights Acts of 1964–65, growing militance, and the development of affirmative action policies.
Format: article
Desegregating hospitals
In Postwar North Carolina, page 5.7
Interiew with a black dentist who joined a 1963 lawsuit against the Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital in Greensboro for refusing to accept African American patients or to hire African American doctors. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Desegregating public accommodations in Durham
In Postwar North Carolina, page 5.6
After the Freedom Rides of 1961 led to integration of interstate buses and terminals, the Civil Rights Movement moved on to "Freedom Highways" in 1962 -- campaigning to end segregation at establishments that served the traveling public. The Howard Johnson's restaurant on Chapel Hill Boulevard became a focal point in Durham.
Format: article
Desegregation pioneers
In Postwar North Carolina, page 4.5
Interviews with African American women who participated in the process of school desegregation: two women who attended desegregated schools in North Carolina, and Daisy Bates, head of the Arkansas chapter of the NAACP in the 1950s. Includes historical background.
Format: interview/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by Dayna Durbin Gleaves.
Freedom Ride
In Postwar North Carolina, page 3.2
In 1946, the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation of passengers on interstate buses was an "undue burden on interstate commerce"and could not be enforced. The following year, sixteen people set off on a tour of southern cities to test the laws. Despite the Supreme Court's ruling, four riders were arrested in Chapel Hill.
Format: article
The Freedom Riders
In Postwar North Carolina, page 5.5
The Supreme Court ruled in 1960 that all buses and facilities associated with interstate travel must be desegregated. But blacks who used whites-only waiting rooms and refused to give up their seats to whites faced mob violence. Their refusal either to stop or to fight back showed Americans -- many for the first time -- the hard reality of racial oppression.
Format: book
Freedom songs of the civil rights movement
Students will listen to freedom songs recorded during the civil rights movement, 1960–1965. Students will write about personal reactions to the music and lyrics. Through reading and pictures, students will briefly explore historical events where these songs were sung. Listening again, students will analyze and describe — musically — particular song(s).
Format: lesson plan (grade 5 Music Education and Social Studies)
By Merritt Raum Flexman.
The Greensboro sit-ins
In Postwar North Carolina, page 5.3
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 4.9
Contemporary newspaper coverage of the Greensboro sit-ins, February 1, 1960. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: newspaper/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
The Little Rock Nine
In Postwar North Carolina, page 4.4
When a federal court ordered the integration of schools in Little Rock, Arkansas, Governor Orval Faubus defied the order. African American students were subjected to mob violence, and President Eisenhower put the state National Guard under federal command. Faubus closed the city's high schools rather than permit desegregation.
Format: article
The March on Washington, 1963
In Postwar North Carolina, page 5.8
Video from the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom includes Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech.
Format: article
The Montgomery Bus Boycott
In Postwar North Carolina, page 3.7
The story of the protest against the city bus system of Montgomery, Alabama, by civil rights activists in 1955–56, in which Rosa Parks was the most famous participant.
Format: article
North Carolina History: A Sampler
A sample of the more than 800 pages of our digital textbook for North Carolina history, including background readings, various kinds of primary sources, and multimedia. Also includes an overview of the textbook and how to use it.
Format: (multiple pages)
Postwar North Carolina
Primary sources and readings explore the history of North Carolina and the United States during the postwar era (1945–1975).
Format: book (multiple pages)
The Selma-to-Montgomery March
In Postwar North Carolina, page 5.11
The Selma-to-Montgomery March for voting rights ended three weeks -- and three events -- that represented the political and emotional peak of the modern civil rights movement.
Format: article
In Postwar North Carolina, page 5.2
On February 1, 1960, four African American students in Greensboro, North Carolina, took whites-only seats at a department store lunch counter. Their nonviolent protest launched a nationwide movement of "sit-ins" to fight Jim Crow laws.
Format: book
The struggle for voting rights
In Postwar North Carolina, page 5.10
Beginning in 1961, civil rights activists launched voter registration campaigns in the deep South, culminating in the Mississippi "Freedom Summer" in 1964. More than a thousand white college students from the North helped, and the violent response drew the nation's attention to the disfranchisement of African Americans.
Format: book