K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

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The bow of Siva
In The Ramayana, page 1.4
Here, Rama draws an arrow across his bow at a Ramayana dance performance held at Yogyakarta in July 1986. The Rama dancer wears a golden crown and a gold-trimmed red sash across his bare chest. He also wears the "broken sword" pattern batik of Yogyakarta's...
By Lorraine Aragon.
A bridge of stone
In The Ramayana, page 4.8
A carved stone stele at Prambanan Temple shows monkeys helping Rama by bringing stones for the bridge he wants to build to Ravana's demon island of Lanka. Realistically portrayed, the naked monkeys in this carved bas relief walk together in line carrying rounded...
By Lorraine Aragon.
A demon army attacks Rama
In The Ramayana, page 2.14
Standing gracefully on one foot, Prince Rama (at left) shoots an arrow at a group of demons sent by Ravana, as painted on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. The demons, depicted in varied animal-like forms, crowd around their elephant mount.
By Lorraine Aragon.
Demon giant blocks river water with his body (Thai Ramayana mural)
Demon giant blocks river water with his body (Thai Ramayana mural)
A demon giant, seen lying beyond Rama's pavillions, blocks the river's water with his body. The fanged demon lies on his side on the ground while holding his huge sword in his right hand. Rama's group is visible in the foreground as they wait in a Siamese-style...
Format: image/photograph
A demon giant blocks the way
In The Ramayana, page 5.5
A demon giant, seen lying beyond Rama's pavilions, blocks the river's water with his body. The fanged demon lies on his side on the ground while holding his huge sword in his right hand. Rama's group is visible in the foreground as they wait in a Siamese-style...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The future king
In The Ramayana, page 1.9
Rama is shown to the people of Ayudhya and announced as their future king, as depicted on a mural painting at the Emerald Buddha Temple. Dressed in gold clothes and painted with his characteristic green skin, Rama is carried on a golden sedan chair just outside...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The Garuda king
In The Ramayana, page 5.11
The bird-headed Garuda king swoops down and grips three wriggling green serpents in its claws. The front of the Garuda king is brown while his crown, wings, and tail feathers are painted in gold leaf.
By Lorraine Aragon.
Garuda king attacks three serpents (Thai Ramayana mural)
Garuda king attacks three serpents (Thai Ramayana mural)
The Garuda king attacks three serpents, in a mural detail at the Emerald Buddha Temple. The bird-headed Garuda king swoops down and grips three wriggling green serpents in its claws. The front of the Garuda king is brown while his crown, wings, and tail feathers...
Format: image/photograph
Giant Hanuman uses his tail as bridge for Rama's army (Thai Ramayana mural)
Giant Hanuman uses his tail as bridge for Rama's army (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hanuman uses his tail as a bridge for Rama's army, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. On the way to Lanka to rescue Sita, Rama's army cannot cross a wide river. Hanuman, who is able to change his form, enlarges himself enough that his tail can...
Format: image/photograph
God mediates dispute between Rama and Ravana (Thai Ramayana mural)
God mediates dispute between Rama and Ravana (Thai Ramayana mural)
The God of Justice, Maleevaraj, mediates between Rama and Ravana, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. After years of incessant fighting, Rama and Ravana's dispute over Sita is brought before a divine judge as a legal case. Maleevaraj the Just...
Format: image/photograph
The God of Justice
In The Ramayana, page 6.1
The God of Justice, Maleevaraj, mediates between Rama and Ravana, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. Rama, and Sita wearing royal Siamese clothes, sit in the forest on mats with their hands in respectful prayer position. On another mat, Rama's...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Hanuman is rewarded
In The Ramayana, page 6.15
Late at night, Rama sits on an outdoor palace platform with his brother Laksman perching nearby to look over the scene. Hanuman kneels below Rama with clasped hands. The allied monkey kings sit at Hanuman's side inside a walled palace fence. The clothes and...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Hanuman makes a bridge
In The Ramayana, page 4.7
In this image, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple, a huge Hanuman lies crouched on his stomach on the bluff at right with his tail extended and wrapped around rocks on the bluff at left. Hanuman's open-mouthed face looks back over his right shoulder...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Hanuman meets Rama
In The Ramayana, page 3.2
The monkey god Hanuman climbing in a tree recognizes Rama and Laksman resting below, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. In this scene, Hanuman looks just like a small white monkey, wearing a loincloth and no crown. Rama and Laksman wear golden...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Hanuman protects Rama and Laksman
In The Ramayana, page 4.17
Hanuman enlarges himself to cover a pavillion to protect Rama, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. In this image, Hanuman's huge head and paws encompass the Siamese style pavillion where Rama, Laksman, and their guards are sleeping. The columns,...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Hanuman protects Rama's army in his mouth (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hanuman protects Rama's army in his mouth (Thai Ramayana mural)
In a Ramayana mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple, Hanuman saves Rama's army from the attack of a demon by becoming huge and hiding them in his mouth. The demon on the left is shown with two faces and eight arms wielding a sword. Lying at the demon's feet,...
Format: image/photograph
Hanuman rescues and carries unconscious Rama (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hanuman rescues and carries unconscious Rama (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hanuman rescues and carries the unconscious Rama. This Emerald Buddha Temple mural image shows two sequential events painted within the same rocky outdoor landscape. At left, Hanuman finds Rama lying unconscious within a black wire cage. Hanuman balances on...
Format: image/photograph
Hermit leads Rama to competition for Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hermit leads Rama to competition for Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
In this detail on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple, a hermit leads Rama and Laksman to Sita's city so that Rama can enter the bow-stringing competition for Sita's hand in marriage. Here, and elsewhere in Thai temple paintings, Rama is depicted with green...
Format: image/photograph
Hermit tells Rama story of Sita and sons, now united at palace (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hermit tells Rama story of Sita and sons, now united at palace (Thai Ramayana mural)
A mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple shows the hermit telling Rama the story of Sita and her sons, now united at the palace. On the left of this happy reunion scene, the hermit sits cross-legged in a royal pavillion gesturing as he tells Rama and Laksman how...
Format: image/photograph
The hunt
In The Ramayana, page 2.8
A Javanese dancer playing Rama pursues another dancer wearing the costume of a golden deer in a performance at Yogyakarta in July 1986. A Javanese dancer wears a golden deer costume in a Ramayana performance at Yogyakarta in July 1986. The dancer's eyes are...
By Lorraine Aragon.