K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

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Baby Sita's gold urn carried in procession (Thai Ramayana mural)
Baby Sita's gold urn carried in procession (Thai Ramayana mural)
In this scene detail from a painted mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple, baby Sita's golden urn is carried to the king's palace in a royal procession. The beautifully dressed king's courtiers, carrying the closed golden urn, pass from the back to the front...
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The birth of Sita
In The Ramayana, page 1.3
A painted mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple shows the infant Sita sitting in a gold urn as she is discovered by a king ploughing his fields. Beside Sita's urn, which protrudes from the ground, we see the king holding a wooden plough harnessed to an ox. The...
Close-up detail of Sita's mother in palace (Thai Ramayana mural)
Close-up detail of Sita's mother in palace (Thai Ramayana mural)
This close-up detail from a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple shows Sita's mother, wearing golden clothes and a tall Siamese crown, speaking to several palace women. In this detail taken from the left rear of the larger mural, we see the queen on a raised...
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Demon king Ravana offers treats to Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
Demon king Ravana offers treats to Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
The demon king Ravana offers treats to Sita as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. In this palace porch room, Sita sits and turns her back to Ravana as he holds out a gift for her. Sita's head is turned back towards Ravana and she waves a stick in...
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Demon Ravana visits the captured Sita in wooden puppet performance at Yogyakarta
Demon Ravana visits the captured Sita in wooden puppet performance at Yogyakarta
The demon king Ravana visits the captured Princess Sita in a wooden puppet theater performance at Yogyakarta in July 1986. The Ravana puppet, here painted with red skin unlike his green-skinned counterpart in Thai mural art, waves a powerful sword at Princess...
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Detail of Ravana carrying off Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
Detail of Ravana carrying off Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
This detail on a mural painted at the Emerald Buddha Temple shows a gleeful demon king Ravana abducting Sita. The golden clad princess Sita appears to sit in Ravana's lap as he runs with her into the forest to take her home to his demon island of Lanka. Ravana's...
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Eagle king Sadayu attacks Ravana's chariot (Thai Ramayana mural)
Eagle king Sadayu attacks Ravana's chariot (Thai Ramayana mural)
A mural painting at the Emerald Buddha Temple shows the eagle king Sadayu attacking the demon king Ravana after he kidnaps Sita. Sadayu is shown as a great green bird swooping down on the many-armed demon Ravana in his golden chariot. Sita stands at the back...
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The family united
In The Ramayana, page 7.14
Sita's two sons are received by Rama at palace, as seen in a mural detail at the Emerald Buddha temple. Two small green-skinned boys kneel in prayer position beside two adults on a blue rug at the base of an ornately carved palace platform. Five monkey kings...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Four goddesses attend Sita as she gives birth (Thai Ramayana mural)
Four goddesses attend Sita as she gives birth (Thai Ramayana mural)
Four goddesses attend to Sita as she gives birth, as seen in a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. A row of four goddesses kneel beside Sita, aiding in the delivery of her and Rama's baby son. Sita, dressed modestly in her usual royal clothes and looking ever...
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God mediates dispute between Rama and Ravana (Thai Ramayana mural)
God mediates dispute between Rama and Ravana (Thai Ramayana mural)
The God of Justice, Maleevaraj, mediates between Rama and Ravana, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. After years of incessant fighting, Rama and Ravana's dispute over Sita is brought before a divine judge as a legal case. Maleevaraj the Just...
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The God of Justice
In The Ramayana, page 6.1
The God of Justice, Maleevaraj, mediates between Rama and Ravana, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. Rama, and Sita wearing royal Siamese clothes, sit in the forest on mats with their hands in respectful prayer position. On another mat, Rama's...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Hanuman attacks Ravana's palace
In The Ramayana, page 3.7
In this detail image from an Emerald Buddha Temple mural, Hanuman in royal garb clambers over the head of an elephant outside a white wall of Ravana's palace. The bodies of two fallen demon guards are seen at each side of the frame. After locating Sita and...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Hanuman fights elephant at Ravana's palace (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hanuman fights elephant at Ravana's palace (Thai Ramayana mural)
In this detail image from an Emerald Buddha Temple mural, Hanuman in royal garb clambers over the head of an elephant outside a white wall of Ravana's palace. The bodies of two fallen demon guards are seen at each side of the frame. After locating Sita and...
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Hanuman finds Sita in the forest
In The Ramayana, page 3.6
The monkey god Hanuman finds Sita and a female companion in this modern Balinese painting photographed at Denpasar, Bali, in August 1986. All the characters are dressed in flowing Balinese-style royal clothes and crowns. Flowers, over-sized butterflies, and...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Hanuman finds Sita under a tree and stops her suicide (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hanuman finds Sita under a tree and stops her suicide (Thai Ramayana mural)
The monkey god Hanuman finds Sita under a tree planning suicide because she sees no way out of her captivity by the demon king Ravana. Hanuman and Sita appear two times around a tree at the center of the landscape scene, which shows a mountain in the background...
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Hermit advises demon king Ravana to return Sita to Rama (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hermit advises demon king Ravana to return Sita to Rama (Thai Ramayana mural)
In this mural detail at the Emerald Buddha Temple, a wise man interprets Ravana's bad dream and advises him to return Sita to Rama and end the fight, or else Ravana will face certain ruin. A white-haired bearded hermit sits in an elevated pavillion and gestures...
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Hermit leads Rama to competition for Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hermit leads Rama to competition for Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
In this detail on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple, a hermit leads Rama and Laksman to Sita's city so that Rama can enter the bow-stringing competition for Sita's hand in marriage. Here, and elsewhere in Thai temple paintings, Rama is depicted with green...
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Hermit sitting and teaching Sita's son in forest (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hermit sitting and teaching Sita's son in forest (Thai Ramayana mural)
A wise hermit kneels on the ground and gives lessons to Sita's son in the forest, as portrayed in a mural detail at the Emerald Buddha Temple. Sita and her green-skinned son sit attentively, kneeling with hands in prayer position, in front of the hermit who...
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Hermit tells Rama story of Sita and sons, now united at palace (Thai Ramayana mural)
Hermit tells Rama story of Sita and sons, now united at palace (Thai Ramayana mural)
A mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple shows the hermit telling Rama the story of Sita and her sons, now united at the palace. On the left of this happy reunion scene, the hermit sits cross-legged in a royal pavillion gesturing as he tells Rama and Laksman how...
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Indian painting of Rama learning from hermit in the forest
Indian painting of Rama learning from hermit in the forest
This Indian painting shows Rama being educated by a hermit in the forest. The figures shown in the painting are dressed in red clothes, and the background color is a bright golden yellow. Three women, perhaps the hermit's wives, sit and work to the left of...
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