K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

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Anticipation guide: A royal colony
This activity presents students with a series of true/false statements about the early Carolina colony. Students respond to the statements before and after reading an article about the changes in the Carolina colony in its first fifty years, as it was divided into North and South Carolina and changed from a proprietary colony to a royal colony.
Format: /lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
The Charter of Carolina (1663)
In Colonial North Carolina, page 1.4
In the Charter of Carolina, King Charles II of England granted the eight men known as the Lords Proprietors rights to the land that became North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. Primary source includes historical commentary.
Format: charter/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert.
Colonial North Carolina
Colonial North Carolina from the establishment of the Carolina in 1663 to the eve of the American Revolution in 1763. Compares the original vision for the colony with the way it actually developed. Covers the people who settled North Carolina; the growth of institutions, trade, and slavery; the impact of colonization on American Indians; and significant events such as Culpeper's Rebellion, the Tuscarora War, and the French and Indian Wars.
Format: book (multiple pages)
A Declaration and Proposals of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina (1663)
In Colonial North Carolina, page 1.6
Initial plans by the Lords Proprietors for settling and governing the province of Carolina. Primary source includes historical commentary.
Format: declaration/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert.
The fate of North Carolina's native peoples
In Colonial North Carolina, page 3.8
After the Tuscarora War (1711–1713) and Yamasee War (1715–1716), only the Cherokee among North Carolina's native peoples remained intact. The Coastal Plain and Piedmont were effectively cleared for European settlement.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
Fort Sumter
In North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction, page 1.3
The first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. Federal troops refused to leave the fort after South Carolina seceded, and South Carolina's forces fired on the fort on the morning of April 12, 1861.
Format: article
The Fundamental Constitutions of Carolina (1669)
In Colonial North Carolina, page 1.9
The lengthy and complicated plan devised by the Lords Proprietors for the government of Carolina would have established a feudal system of elaborate courts, manors, and serfs. Includes historical commentary.
Format: constitution/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert.
Juan Pardo, the Indians of Guatari, and first contact
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 3.4
The Guatari Indians lived in an influential settlement near Trading Ford and were led by a female chief. In 1567, they encountered Spanish explorers led by Captain Juan Pardo who came through the North Carolina Piedmont with grand hopes of creating a powerful empire.
Format: article
Land and work in Carolina
In Colonial North Carolina, page 1.10
This article explains the key elements of feudalism, including its hierarchy of personal relationships and system of landholding, and how those elements evolved into the systems of labor and land ownership seen in colonial North Carolina.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
"Land and Work in Carolina" teaching strategies
A variety of suggested activities for use with an article that explains the key elements of feudalism, with a focus on how those elements evolved into the systems of labor and land ownership seen in colonial North Carolina.
Format: lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
A little kingdom in Carolina
In Colonial North Carolina, page 1.3
The original vision for Carolina was a feudal province in which eight "Lords Proprietors" would have nearly royal power, but with an elected assembly and guarantees of religious freedom.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
The Lords Proprietors
In Colonial North Carolina, page 1.5
Brief biographies of the eight men named Lords Proprietors of the province of Carolina by Charles II in 1663.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
Lords Proprietors graphic organizer
Completing this graphic organizer will aid students' understanding of the eight men who controlled the Carolina colony.
Format: chart/lesson plan (grade 8 Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
North Carolina history: Grade 4 educator's guide
This educator's guide provides teaching suggestions designed to facilitate using the digital North Carolina history textbook with fourth-grade students.
Format: (multiple pages)
North Carolina in the Civil War and Reconstruction
Primary sources and readings explore North Carolina during the Civil War and Reconstruction (1860–1876). Topics include debates over secession, battles and strategies, the war in North Carolina, the soldier's experience, the home front, freedom and civil rights for former slaves, Reconstruction, and the "redemption" of the state by conservatives.
Format: book (multiple pages)
Reading guide: A Declaration and Proposals of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina (1663)
In this activity, students read the initial plans by the Lords Proprietors for settling and governing the province of Carolina. They respond to questions designed support their comprehension of this primary source document.
Format: /lesson plan (grade 8 English Language Arts and Social Studies)
By Pauline S. Johnson.
A royal colony
In Colonial North Carolina, page 3.9
In 1729, the colony of North Carolina was taken over by the king, the turmoil of its early years quieted down, and for the next few decades, colonists enjoyed relative peace and stability. But one of the Lords Proprietors refused to sell back his share, and the administration of that "Granville District," encompassing the northern half of North Carolina, would cause problems for settlers later on.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
Spanish empire failed to conquer Southeast
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 3.6
Juan Pardo’s expedition erected six forts in the Southeastern interior, including one at Guatari. Most of them seem to have fallen in short order. That result wasn’t surprising. The forts were isolated, lightly garrisoned in most cases, dependent on the Indians for food, and prone to trigger Indian resentment.
Format: article
Spanish had many reasons for Pardo expedition
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 3.5
What spurred the Spanish to set up a territorial capital on the South Carolina coast in the 1560s and launch Juan Pardo’s expedition into the Southeastern interior? The reasons range from the self-serving (protecting an enormously profitable silver mine) to the spiritual (converting the Indians to Christianity) to the anxious (reducing the capital’s population to lower the demand for food).
Format: article
Teaching about North Carolina American Indians
This web edition is drawn from a teachers institute curriculum enrichment project on North Carolina American Indian Studies conducted by the North Carolina Humanities Council. Resources include best practices for teaching about American Indians, suggestions for curriculum integration, webliographies, and lesson plans about North Carolina American Indians.
Format: book (multiple pages)