K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education


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Activities for the Equinox at Chicén Itzá
In The Changing Face of Mexico, page 4.2
Art project Create a painting or mural of a scene involving a reconstruction of an ancient Mesoamerican city. You could try your hand at scientific or architectural drawing, or a work of art, sculpture, jewelry making, or mosaic informed by what you...
Format: activity
Arrows turn into serpents
In The Ramayana, page 5.8
A flying demon, visible in the upper left corner, shoots arrows that become serpents as they fall. The arrows become wavy as they rain down upon Rama's army. The demon moves actively in a cloud-filled sunset sky painted over a dramatic mountain and landscape...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The battle continues
In The Ramayana, page 3.8
This detail of a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple, where Hanuman descends lithely down poles beside a circular well to seize the guards, shows how the powerful and clever monkey god can single-handedly defeat the hapless demons who defend Ravana's palace....
By Lorraine Aragon.
Bharata tries to give back the throne
In The Ramayana, page 2.3
On this mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple, Rama's brother Bharata and his comrades boat into the forest to try to find the exiled Rama after their father dies. The detail shows several long paddled canoes and a large poled platform barge. On each watercraft,...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The birth of Sita
In The Ramayana, page 1.3
A painted mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple shows the infant Sita sitting in a gold urn as she is discovered by a king ploughing his fields. Beside Sita's urn, which protrudes from the ground, we see the king holding a wooden plough harnessed to an ox. The...
Canova's statue of Washington
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 4.8
In 1815, at a time when the state of North Carolina was unwilling to spend money on roads or schools, the General Assembly spent as much as $60,000 on a statue of George Washington for the State Capitol.
Format: book/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by Pauline S. Johnson.
The Changing Face of Mexico
Essays and activities exploring Mexican culture, past and present. Includes historical perspectives, classroom activities, and recipes.
Format: book (multiple pages)
A deathbed plot
In The Ramayana, page 1.10
This Indian painting shows Rama's father on his royal bed as he nears death. A wife and son are at his side.
By Lorraine Aragon.
A demon army attacks Rama
In The Ramayana, page 2.14
Standing gracefully on one foot, Prince Rama (at left) shoots an arrow at a group of demons sent by Ravana, as painted on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. The demons, depicted in varied animal-like forms, crowd around their elephant mount.
By Lorraine Aragon.
A demon giant blocks the way
In The Ramayana, page 5.5
A demon giant, seen lying beyond Rama's pavilions, blocks the river's water with his body. The fanged demon lies on his side on the ground while holding his huge sword in his right hand. Rama's group is visible in the foreground as they wait in a Siamese-style...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The demon king
In The Ramayana, page 2.5
Ravana sits on a palace platform with two of his wives, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. Ravana has one arm around each wife's neck. The wives both have their right hands held to their faces, as if in grief. Another demon, perhaps a relative...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The eagle king
In The Ramayana, page 2.10
A dancer costumed as the eagle king Sadayu stands tall and flaps his wings in a performance at Yogyakarta in July 1986. The dancer's feathered costume is a textured blue fabric with a painted wooden head and gold crown. The carved bird head has wide round...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The family united
In The Ramayana, page 7.14
Sita's two sons are received by Rama at palace, as seen in a mural detail at the Emerald Buddha temple. Two small green-skinned boys kneel in prayer position beside two adults on a blue rug at the base of an ornately carved palace platform. Five monkey kings...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Fish and mermaids destroy the bridge
In The Ramayana, page 4.10
This mural detail from the Emerald Buddha Temple shows large fish and mermaids moving through cresting ocean waves to carry stones away from Rama's bridge. At right a merman and mermaid couple carry large stones held high over their shoulders and behind their...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Fleeing the city
In The Ramayana, page 3.12
Crowds of people flee out a gate from the white wall around Ravana's burning city on this mural detail at the Emerald Buddha Temple. These figures, mostly men, are painted in commoners' wrapped sarongs or loincloths and they have a wide variety of skin colors...
By Lorraine Aragon.
A forest hermit
In The Ramayana, page 2.4
The forest hermit's respected position as a wise sage is shown by his elevated position sitting on a stone platform at left. Rama, Laksman, and Sita kneel on the ground at right. The hermit holds a palm leaf fan on a long handle. The hermit's stone platform...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The future king
In The Ramayana, page 1.9
Rama is shown to the people of Ayudhya and announced as their future king, as depicted on a mural painting at the Emerald Buddha Temple. Dressed in gold clothes and painted with his characteristic green skin, Rama is carried on a golden sedan chair just outside...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The Garuda king
In The Ramayana, page 5.11
The bird-headed Garuda king swoops down and grips three wriggling green serpents in its claws. The front of the Garuda king is brown while his crown, wings, and tail feathers are painted in gold leaf.
By Lorraine Aragon.
A giant demon
In The Ramayana, page 4.15
The demon dressed in royal gold Siamese clothes plants his left foot and left hand powerfully on a stone gateway and wooden door to push them into the walled compound. The demon wears a tall headdress, sarong, and jewelry painted in gold leaf, and he holds...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The God of Justice
In The Ramayana, page 6.1
The God of Justice, Maleevaraj, mediates between Rama and Ravana, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. Rama, and Sita wearing royal Siamese clothes, sit in the forest on mats with their hands in respectful prayer position. On another mat, Rama's...
By Lorraine Aragon.