K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

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Arrows turn into serpents
In The Ramayana, page 5.8
A flying demon, visible in the upper left corner, shoots arrows that become serpents as they fall. The arrows become wavy as they rain down upon Rama's army. The demon moves actively in a cloud-filled sunset sky painted over a dramatic mountain and landscape...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The battle continues
In The Ramayana, page 3.8
This detail of a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple, where Hanuman descends lithely down poles beside a circular well to seize the guards, shows how the powerful and clever monkey god can single-handedly defeat the hapless demons who defend Ravana's palace....
By Lorraine Aragon.
Dancer wears golden deer costume in Ramayana performance at Yogyakarta
Dancer wears golden deer costume in Ramayana performance at Yogyakarta
A Javanese dancer wears a golden deer costume in a Ramayana performance at Yogyakarta in July 1986. The dancer's eyes are visible through an oval window opening cut into the neck of the deer costume. The dancer's arms and legs form the four legs of the deer....
Format: image/photograph
A demon army attacks Rama
In The Ramayana, page 2.14
Standing gracefully on one foot, Prince Rama (at left) shoots an arrow at a group of demons sent by Ravana, as painted on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. The demons, depicted in varied animal-like forms, crowd around their elephant mount.
By Lorraine Aragon.
Demon changes into a deer to lure Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
Demon changes into a deer to lure Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
A two image sequence on a mural painted at the Emerald Buddha Temple depicts a demon's intentional transformation into a deer. In the top image, his legs have turned into those of a golden deer. In the lower image, the demon is fully changed into the deer....
Format: image/photograph
Demon climbs over a walled palace gate (Thai Ramayana mural)
Demon climbs over a walled palace gate (Thai Ramayana mural)
A large green demon climbs over a walled gate, as depicted on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. The demon dressed in royal gold Siamese clothes plants his left foot and left hand powerfully on a stone gateway and wooden door to push them into the walled...
Format: image/photograph
Demon disguised as old man in Javanese Ramayana dance at Yogyakarta
Demon disguised as old man in Javanese Ramayana dance at Yogyakarta
The demon king Ravana disguises himself as an old man in a Javanese dance performance of the Ramayana at Yogyakarta, Indonesia, in July 1986. Two dancers are used to represent the chronological transformation of the demon who arrives to trick Rama's unsuspecting...
Format: image/photograph
Demon giant blocks river water with his body (Thai Ramayana mural)
Demon giant blocks river water with his body (Thai Ramayana mural)
A demon giant, seen lying beyond Rama's pavillions, blocks the river's water with his body. The fanged demon lies on his side on the ground while holding his huge sword in his right hand. Rama's group is visible in the foreground as they wait in a Siamese-style...
Format: image/photograph
A demon giant blocks the way
In The Ramayana, page 5.5
A demon giant, seen lying beyond Rama's pavilions, blocks the river's water with his body. The fanged demon lies on his side on the ground while holding his huge sword in his right hand. Rama's group is visible in the foreground as they wait in a Siamese-style...
By Lorraine Aragon.
The demon king
In The Ramayana, page 2.5
Ravana sits on a palace platform with two of his wives, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. Ravana has one arm around each wife's neck. The wives both have their right hands held to their faces, as if in grief. Another demon, perhaps a relative...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Demon king Ravana offers treats to Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
Demon king Ravana offers treats to Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
The demon king Ravana offers treats to Sita as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. In this palace porch room, Sita sits and turns her back to Ravana as he holds out a gift for her. Sita's head is turned back towards Ravana and she waves a stick in...
Format: image/photograph
Demon king Ravana with twenty arms (Thai Ramayana mural)
Demon king Ravana with twenty arms (Thai Ramayana mural)
This detail on a painted mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple depicts the demon king Ravana siting on a royal pavillion platform and gesturing with twenty arms (ten emerging from each shoulder). Ravana is speaking to another blue-faced demon partially seen at...
Format: image/photograph
Demon king Ravana with two wives (Thai Ramayana mural)
Demon king Ravana with two wives (Thai Ramayana mural)
The demon king Ravana sits on a palace platform with two of his wives, as seen on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. Ravana has one arm around each wife's neck. The wives both have their right hands held to their faces, as if in grief. Another demon, perhaps...
Format: image/photograph
Demon on Lanka emerges from underground (Thai Ramayana mural)
Demon on Lanka emerges from underground (Thai Ramayana mural)
A demon on Lanka emerges from underground, as portrayed on a mural at the Emerald Buddha Temple. This dark and fierce demon, whose top half is seen as if from above, has small tusks and curly hair. He is wearing a gold headdress and arm bands as he pushes...
Format: image/photograph
Demon Ravana visits the captured Sita in wooden puppet performance at Yogyakarta
Demon Ravana visits the captured Sita in wooden puppet performance at Yogyakarta
The demon king Ravana visits the captured Princess Sita in a wooden puppet theater performance at Yogyakarta in July 1986. The Ravana puppet, here painted with red skin unlike his green-skinned counterpart in Thai mural art, waves a powerful sword at Princess...
Format: image/photograph
Detail of Ravana carrying off Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
Detail of Ravana carrying off Sita (Thai Ramayana mural)
This detail on a mural painted at the Emerald Buddha Temple shows a gleeful demon king Ravana abducting Sita. The golden clad princess Sita appears to sit in Ravana's lap as he runs with her into the forest to take her home to his demon island of Lanka. Ravana's...
Format: image/photograph
Fish and mermaids carry stones away from Rama's bridge (Thai Ramayana mural)
Fish and mermaids carry stones away from Rama's bridge (Thai Ramayana mural)
This mural detail from the Emerald Buddha Temple shows large fish and mermaids moving through cresting ocean waves to carry stones away from Rama's bridge. At right a merman and mermaid couple carry large stones held high over their shoulders and behind their...
Format: image/photograph
Fish and mermaids destroy the bridge
In The Ramayana, page 4.10
This mural detail from the Emerald Buddha Temple shows large fish and mermaids moving through cresting ocean waves to carry stones away from Rama's bridge. At right a merman and mermaid couple carry large stones held high over their shoulders and behind their...
By Lorraine Aragon.
Flying demon shoots arrows that become serpents (Thai Ramayana mural)
Flying demon shoots arrows that become serpents (Thai Ramayana mural)
A flying demon, visible in the upper left corner, shoots arrows that become serpents as they fall. The arrows become wavy as they rain down upon Rama's army. The demon moves actively in a cloud-filled sunset sky painted over a dramatic mountain and landscape...
Format: image/photograph
A giant demon
In The Ramayana, page 4.15
The demon dressed in royal gold Siamese clothes plants his left foot and left hand powerfully on a stone gateway and wooden door to push them into the walled compound. The demon wears a tall headdress, sarong, and jewelry painted in gold leaf, and he holds...
By Lorraine Aragon.