K-12 Teaching and Learning From the UNC School of Education

LEARN NC was a program of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Education from 1997 – 2013. It provided lesson plans, professional development, and innovative web resources to support teachers, build community, and improve K-12 education in North Carolina. Learn NC is no longer supported by the School of Education – this is a historical archive of their website.

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4-H and Home Demonstration Work during World War II
In The Great Depression and World War II, page 8.3
During the years of World War II, North Carolina women were led by Home Demonstration and extension agents in programs to increase food production and preservation. 4-H clubs also aided the war effort, primarily through the "Food for Victory" program and the "Feed a Fighter" campaign.
Format: article
By Amy Manor.
4-H club contributions to the war effort
In The Great Depression and World War II, page 8.7
This page includes three reports sent by county agents of the North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service after the war ended. Each county agent outlined the contributions of 4-H club members in his or her county to the war effort. Includes historical commentary.
Format: report/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert.
4-H mobilization for victory (1943)
In The Great Depression and World War II, page 8.4
In this letter to local extension agents, the North Carolina Director of Extension, J. O. Shaub, explained what 4-H clubs needed to do to mobilize youth to aid the war effort during World War II. Includes historical commentary.
Format: pamphlet/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert.
The African American State Fair
In North Carolina in the New South, page 1.10
For several years in the late nineteenth century, African American farmers held their own state fair in Raleigh to showcase improvements in agriculture.
Format: article
By Jim L. Sumner.
Antebellum North Carolina
Primary sources and readings explore North Carolina in the antebellum period (1830–1860). Topics include slavery, daily life, agriculture, industry, technology, and the arts, as well as the events leading to secession and civil war.
Format: book (multiple pages)
Bright leaf tobacco
In Antebellum North Carolina, page 2.10
Tobacco had always been a major crop in North Carolina, but not until the accidental development of the “bright leaf” variety in 1839 did the market for the product really start booming.
Format: article
Changes in agriculture
In Postwar North Carolina, page 2.4
In North Carolina History: A Sampler, page 6.4
A series of maps based on U.S. Census of Agriculture data show changes in North Carolina's agriculture over time.
Format: slideshow
Chatham County farmers protest
In North Carolina in the New South, page 7.4
Petition from the Chatham County Farmers Alliance to the North Carolina General Assembly, 1889, asking for legislation protecting the interests of farmers. Includes historical commentary.
Format: petition/primary source
Child labor in North Carolina's textile mills
The photographs of Lewis Hine show the lives and work of children in North Carolina's textile mill villages in the first decades of the twentieth century.
Format: slideshow (multiple pages)
Colonial North Carolina
Colonial North Carolina from the establishment of the Carolina in 1663 to the eve of the American Revolution in 1763. Compares the original vision for the colony with the way it actually developed. Covers the people who settled North Carolina; the growth of institutions, trade, and slavery; the impact of colonization on American Indians; and significant events such as Culpeper's Rebellion, the Tuscarora War, and the French and Indian Wars.
Format: book (multiple pages)
The Columbian Exchange at a glance
In Prehistory, contact, and the Lost Colony, page 5.2
Countless animals, plants, and microorganisms crossed the Atlantic Ocean with European explorers and colonists in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. This chart lists some of the organisms that had the greatest impact on human society worldwide.
Format: article
Country memories
In Postwar North Carolina, page 9.2
Second part of an oral history interview with Rebecca Clark, an African American who was born in rural Orange County just before the Depression and witnessed the changes in civil rights over the years.
Format: interview
Commentary and sidebar notes by Kristin Post.
The Depression for farmers
In The Great Depression and World War II, page 1.3
Farmer's troubles began in the early 1920s, and helped cause the Great Depression -- which only worsened them.
Format: article
By David Walbert.
Distribution of land and slaves
In Antebellum North Carolina, page 1.1
In this activity, students analyze census data and maps to understand the distribution of land, wealth, and slaves in antebellum North Carolina.
Format: activity
By David Walbert.
The Dukes of Durham
In North Carolina in the New South, page 2.7
After the Civil War, Orange County farmer Washington Duke put everything he had into growing tobacco. From farming he quickly expanded into manufacturing, and by the end of the nineteenth century, his son controlled the largest tobacco industry in the world.
Format: article
"Eastern North Carolina for the farmer"
In North Carolina in the early 20th century, page 6.3
Pamphlet published by the Atlantic Coast Line railroad in 1916, advertising eastern North Carolina as a place for people from other parts of the country to settle. Includes historical background and commentary.
Format: book/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert.
Eli Whitney and the cotton gin
In North Carolina in the New Nation, page 2.4
In 1794, inventor Eli Whitney patented his cotton gin, a machine for removing seeds from cotton. The invention made cotton production -- and with it, slave labor -- far more profitable, and it helped to cement the South's status as an agricultural region and a slave society.
Format: article
Enlistment for Victory (1943)
In The Great Depression and World War II, page 8.5
This "Enlistment for Victory" letter was given to boys and girls as part of the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service's "Mobilization for Victory" campaign during World War II. The first part introduces the program; the second is a list of projects that kids could take on. Includes historical commentary.
Format: letter/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by David Walbert.
The evils of the crop lien system
In North Carolina in the New South, page 1.7
In the post-Civil War South, the crop lien system allowed farmers to obtain supplies, such as food and seed, on credit from merchants; the debt was to be repaid after the crop was harvested and brought to market. This excerpt from a 1903 book is a commentary on the dangers of overspending and bankruptcy for farmers who go into debt.
Format: book/primary source
Commentary and sidebar notes by L. Maren Wood.
Farmville's choice
In this lesson, students will learn about rural life in North Carolina at the turn of the century. Home demonstration and 4H clubs implemented many programs to help people learn better farming techniques, ways of preserving food, and taking care of the home. Several North Carolina leaders went to great lengths to ensure the success of these programs. In part of this activity, students help the town of Farmville dedicate a monument to one of those people.
Format: lesson plan (multiple pages)